A laboratory is a practical experience requiring proper equipment and involving team work. Therefore attendance at all laboratory sessions is required. Students who miss a laboratory session must make up for it at the first opportunity and arrange it with the instructor. It is easiest to arrange a make-up session during regular meetings of other laboratory sections. A student absent at a regular lab session has to make his or her measurements and not use the data obtained by the group partner.
Each set of experiments is preceded by a pre-laboratory assignment, which prepares you for work in the laboratory. You will find that time is a precious commodity in the laboratory. It will be wasted if you are poorly prepared. Besides completing the Prelab assignment, go over the text of the Laboratory Manual carefully to be sure that you know what to do. Prelabs are completed at home by each student individually and are handed to the instructor prior to experimental work. Resolve any questions or uncertainties with your instructor at the beginning of the lab session.
Reports are prepared by a group of students, who have worked together on experiments, after all measurements are completed. Reports should be typed and have the standard properly filled cover page. All report pages must be numbered. All graphs must be on proper graph paper (e.g. log-log graph paper) or, better, they should be generated on a computer. The axes of the graphs must be labeled and the units indicated. Schematics of all circuits should be included and the conditions under which data were obtained (such as input voltage, frequency etc.) must be clearly indicated. The material indicated in bold print on the pages of the manual should be discussed in the report and the questions in the text answered. See next chapter for more details on preparation of reports.
Each group is required to have a Laboratory Notebook in which a current record of laboratory procedures, schematics and data should be written. The Laboratory Notebook provides documentation of your experimental work and will be reviewed periodically by the instructor and used for evaluating your performance. Good notes save your time and make writing reports easier. Write as many details as you can; do not believe that you will remember the details later. Information which at first seems obvious or unimportant may save you repeating measurements. Draw circuits that worked and did not work. Do not erase errors; they are real stepping stones to knowledge! If you do not make a note of them you will repeat them later.
At least one test, involving experimental work and data analysis will be taken by each student.
Your instructor may modify these requirements, as he or she sees fit.